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Издания / Российская археология / Содержание номеров 2013 г. / № 1 (English)

Number 1, 2013

To the anniversary of Academician A.P. Derevjanko
Molodin V.I., Shun’kov M.V.

The dating of the site at Repin Khutor and the chronology of related cultural materials from the East European steppe zone of the Early Bronze Age
Kuznetsov P.F.

The older age group in Sargat culture burials
Berseneva N.A.

New Jerusalem Monastery as an Archaeological Site

The Voskresensky (Resurrection) New Jerusalem monastery as an archaeological site from the early modern period
Beliaev L.A.

Architectural and archaeological stratigraphy and structure of New Jerusalem monastery wall
Kapitonova M.A.

The foundations of the Resurrection cathedral in New Jerusalem monastery
Voronova O.A.

The archaeological complex of the Old wooden palace and the Stone chambers in New Jerusalem monastery
Badeev D.Yu., Rusakov P.E., Mayorova E.V.

Ceramic tiles from the occupation layer at New Jerusalem planigraphy, statistics and attribution
Glazunova O.N.

Publications

Burials at the Koysug kurgan cemetery in the northern province of the Maikop-Novosvobodnaya community
Yatsenko V.S.

Bronze Age cult site at Lake Shaitanskoye near Yekaterinburg (based on the materials from the 2009–2010 excavations)
Korochkova O.N., Stefanov V.I.

New syncretic cemetery on the western flank of the Andronovo community
Tkachev V.V., Umrikhin S.M., Bytkovsky O.F.

Dyakovo-type Kruglitsa site on the river Moskva
Krenke N.A., Chaukin S.N.

Medieval assemblage from Koksharovsky Kholm (Middle Trans-Urals)
Shorin A.F., Zykov A.P., Vilisov E.V.

Christian antiquities from Rostislavl Ryazansky (from the 1991–2010 excavations)
Ostapenko A.A.

Attribution of leather items (materials from excavations in Veliky Novgorod and Moscow)
Osipov D.O.

“Ostyak checks” from Poluysky (Obdorsky) Gorodok (16th–17th cc.)
Kardash O.V.

History of Science

Outstanding researcher of Eurasian archaeology
Munchaev R.M.

Notes

The technology of microblade production at Kostenki XI site (occupation layer 1a)
Rodionov A.M.

An Esski find (stone zoomorphic image from the taiga Ob’-Irtysh region)
Morozov V.M. , Stefanov V.I., Chenchenkova O.P.

New data on radiocarbon dating of Late Eneolithic sites in the Middle Kama region
Lychagina E.L.

Chernyakhov culture burial on the river Don
Kamenetsky I.S.

Finds of bird eggshell from Mayachny Bugor medieval cemetery
Pigarev E.M.

Critics and Bibliography

Current trends in radiocarbon dating of archaeological sites (overview of conference proceedings, 2008–2009)
Kuzmin Ya.V.

C. Melvin Aikens, Thomas Connolly, Dennis L. Jenkins. Oregon Archaeology. Corvallis, 2011
Zhuschikhovskaya I.S.

List of abbreviations


Summaries

The dating of the site at Repin Khutor and the chronology of related cultural materials from the East European steppe zone of the Early Bronze Age
Kuznetsov P.F.

Key words: the site at Repin Khutor, Repin culture pottery, Pit-Grave culture, burials, radiocarbon dates.
The site of Repin Khutor in the middle reaches of the Don River has been studied for over half a century. The investigations revealed a specific ceramics style. A.T. Sinyuk defined the specific Repin archaeological culture. Its similarity to the Pit-Grave culture has always been an accepted fact. I.V. Sinitsyn was the first researcher of the site. He assumed that Repin Khutor was a settlement of the Pit-Grave culture. The defining of a specific Repin culture raises the question of its chronological relation to the Pit-Grave culture. The materials from Repin Khutor allowed obtaining 10 radiocarbon dates (6 for ceramics and 4 for bone). The sum of the probabilities indicates the interval within XXXIV–XXIX cal. BC (fi g. 4). The interval corresponds to the defined chronological time interval of the Pit-Grave culture in the Volga-Urals region. The author assumes that the Repin Khutor culture occupied the forest-steppe area of the Don-Donets region.

The older age group in Sargat culture burials
Berseneva N.A.

Key words: Sargat culture, Early Iron Age, Trans-Urals and Western Siberia, archaeology of age group.
The article is concerned with the status of age groups in ancient societies. Paleo-societal studies seldom focus on the older age group (over 45 years old), mainly because its representatives are seldom encountered in burial complexes. Analysis revealed that in the Early Iron Age “elderly” Sargat men and women retained their social status and gender identity, and probably continued to be active members of the community. All the testimony indicates that the status of the individual in Sargat society was hereditary, which is typical of hierarchical societies.

The Voskresensky (Resurrection) New Jerusalem monastery as an archaeological site from the early modern period
Beliaev L.A.

Key words: archaeology and monastery foundation, Patriarch Nikon, New Jerusalem, Church of the Holy Sepulchre, modernizing Russia.
The article introduces the series of publications that present the results of the 2009–2011 excavations at the Voskresensky (Resurrection) monastery on the river Istra, an architectural complex which dates to the late 17th century and is also known as New Jerusalem. The investigations throw light on the historical terrain, the earliest fortifications and buildings which have not survived, and the manufacturing of church bells, tiles and vessels. The data allows interpreting Nikon’s activity as an early attempt at modernizing Russia, and is presented within the general framework of European and Russian culture of the late 17th – early 18th centuries.

Architectural and archaeological stratigraphy and structure of New Jerusalem monastery wall
Kapitonova M.A.

Key words: monastery walls, towers, adjacent structures, foundations, building techniques, Architectural and archaeological stratigraphy, Ya.G. Bukhvostov.
The article gives data on the foundations of the stone enclosure wall (walls and eight towers) and the adjacent structures, dating mainly to 1690 – 1694 and constructed by the well-known Russian architect Ya.G. Bukhvostov around the Voskresensky (Resurrection) New Jerusalem monastery. The author uses the data on the foundations and related strata as a basis for stratigraphic research of the occupation layer of the monastery as a whole.

The foundations of the Resurrection cathedral in New Jerusalem monastery
Voronova O.A.

Key words: architecture of XVII c., building materials, history of technology, strip foundations, liturgy items.
The article presents the preliminary results of the 2009 – 2011 archaeological investigations of the foundations of the Resurrection cathedral in New Jerusalem monastery. Among the characteristic features are the strip foundations, the use of piles in the lower parts of the setting, and the variety of techniques used for laying the foundations in different areas of the cathedral. On the whole, the Resurrection cathedral conforms to the technical standards of the time and demonstrates quite ordinary building techniques.

The archaeological complex of the Old wooden palace and the Stone chambers in New Jerusalem monastery
Badeev D.Yu., Rusakov P.E., Mayorova E.V.

Key words: architecture of XVII-XVIII cc., porcelain tiles, pottery, strip and post foundations.
The authors publish the results of archaeological investigations in the southwestern area of New Jerusalem monastery, where the remains of foundations and heating constructions from the 17th – 18th cc. have been discovered. We have established that the construction works in the area were conducted in three stages.

Ceramic tiles from the occupation layer at New Jerusalem planigraphy, statistics and attribution
Glazunova O.N.

Key words: ceramic tiles manufacture, decorative art, architectural covering, cultural connections, iconography of ornaments, artistic terracotta.
The article gives a general topographic and stratigraphic overview of the architectural ceramic tiles from the 17th c. that were found in New Jerusalem monastery in 2009–2011, and gives statistical data and attributions. The assemblage includes hundreds of intact specimens. The tiles were manufactured in the monastery by Russian and Central European craftsmen. Special tiles were made for the Resurrection cathedral, where they were used for the inner and outer walls, the iconostases and the didactic and memorial inscriptions. Dozens of complete tile assemblages for stoves have also been found. They date to the middle of the 17th – the beginning of the 19th cc., thus indicating a widespread development of the tile manufacture. Many of the tile types have not been encountered previously (among them the fragment of the ceramic icon of Christ Pantocrator).

Burials at the Koysug kurgan cemetery in the northern province of the Maikop-Novosvobodnaya community
Yatsenko V.S.

Key words: Lower Don, Koysug kurgan cemetery, burial rite, Maikop-Novosvobodnaya community, Chalcolithic, Early Bronze Age.
The article is devoted to a group of burials at Koysug kurgan cemetery. Analysis of the Koysug cemetery complex and of the existing publications lead us to the conclusion that the group of burials belongs to the northern (Kumo-Manych) province of the Maikop-Novosvobodnaya community. Even though the burial rite is uniform, there are certain distinctions within the groups. The reasons for that are difficult to define due to the small number of the assemblages and the local character of the phenomenon. It is practically impossible to define the chronological disparity of the burials. Only the burials in kurgan 5 can be dated within the time frame from the end of the 41st to the middle of the 37th cc. BC. The differences are in the extent of conformity with the Maikop burial rite. It is possible that the use of the Maikop burial tradition served to emphasize the high social status of the buried.

Bronze Age cult site at Lake Shaitanskoye near Yekaterinburg (based on the materials from the 2009–2010 excavations)
Korochkova O.N., Stefanov V.I.

Key words: cult site, earliest metallurgists, Middle Trans-Urals, Seima-Turbino phenomena, Koptyakovo culture.
The article gives the results of the 2009–2011 excavations at Shaitanskoye Ozero II, a Bronze Age cult site in the Middle Trans-Urals. The site is a shrine, the territory of which has yielded a large number of bronze and stone items of Seima-Turbino and post-Seima appearance, and Koptyakovo-type pottery. The shore area in question was the territory where the earliest metallurgists and warriors carried out their rites and cult practices.

New syncretic cemetery on the western flank of the Andronovo community
Tkachev V.V., Umrikhin S.M., Bytkovsky O.F.

Key words: Late Bronze Age, Urals-Mugodzhary region, Kozhumberdy cultural group.
The article publishes the materials from a newly discovered Late Bronze Age burial site in the southern spurs of the Ural Mountains. The specific features of the stone and earthen structures above the graves, the structure of the graves themselves, the use of both inhumation and cremation and the pottery assemblage indicate that the burials combine features of Alakul and Fyodorovo cultures. The site conforms to the standards of the Kozhumberdy cultural group; however, the pottery reveals influence of the Srubna culture, and anthropological data confirms the assumption. It appears that the specific organizational features of the mining-and-metallurgical works stimulated trade and barter activities in the region and thus contributed to more active contacts between cultures in the Urals-Mugodzhary region.

Dyakovo-type Kruglitsa site on the river Moskva
Krenke N.A., Chaukin S.N.

Key words: Dyakovo-type hill fort, hoard, umbo-type pendants, zoomorphic ornaments, bone arrow heads.
The article publishes the materials from the 1956–1957 excavations at Kruglitsa, a Dyakovo-type site on the river Moskva, and substantiates the chronological frame of the site’s existence from the 5th c. BC to the 3d (4th) c. AD. The authors note that the period of intensive activities at the site came to an end in the 1st–2nd cc. AD, which is the time when the hoard of bronze ornaments was deposited.

Medieval assemblage from Koksharovsky Kholm (Middle Trans-Urals)
Shorin A.F., Zykov A.P., Vilisov E.V.

Key words: Middle Trans-Urals, Koksharovsky Kholm, ritual site, Middle Ages, Batyrskaya culture.
The article analyzes the medieval assemblage from Koksharovsky Kholm in the Middle Trans-Urals and substantiates the assumption that it belongs to the Batyrskaya archaeological culture, which dates to the second half or the end of the 6th – the 7th – the middle of the 8th c. The Batyrskaya culture is native to the forest Trans-Urals and should probably be interpreted, together with the Lower Ob’ culture, as part of the Ob’-Irtysh historical and cultural complex, in the southwest region of which it was located. The artifacts in the Batyrskaya assemblage from Koksharovsky Kholm (bronze sheath, iron knife and stem arrowhead, 2 daggers, fragments of 36 vessels) and the fact that the assemblage was found at the top of the hill allow interpreting the location both as a dwelling-site and as a ritual site.

Christian antiquities from Rostislavl Ryazansky (from the 1991–2010 excavations)
Ostapenko A.A.

Key words: Old Rus, Rostislavl Ryazansky, Christian antiquities, personal devotional objects, crosses, icons, encolpions, pectoral crosses.
The article analyses the collection of personal devotional objects from Rostislavl Ryazansky, an Old Russian town of the 12th–16th cc. The crosses and icons of the 12th – first half of the 14th cc. comprise a small number of items and belong to the types that were encountered throughout the territory of Old Rus. In the second half of the 14th – first half of the 15th cc. personal devotional objects became more numerous and diverse, and new items appeared, reflecting the new trends in the spiritual culture of Northern and Northeastern Rus. The crosses and icons of the second half of the 15th–16th cc. are few and relate to the Novgorod and Tver traditions of ornmental casting. The Rostislavl collection of personal devotional objects has its peculiarities, yet on the whole is typical for Old Rus towns of the 12th–16th cc.

Attribution of leather items (materials from excavations in Veliky Novgorod and Moscow)
Osipov D.O.

Key words: leather items, weapons, falconry equipment.
The article summarizes the data on the attribution of a new series of undefined or little-known items (archer’s fingerstall, falconry equipment, details of a springal) that have recently been identified in the collections from Veliky Novgorod and Moscow.

“Ostyak checks” from Poluysky (Obdorsky) Gorodok (16th–17th cc.)
Kardash O.V.

Key words: Northwestern Siberia, Salekhard, Poluy River, Ob River, Obdorsk principality, Samoyedic people, Ostyak people, chessboard games.
The article tells of chessboard games in the everyday life of the indigenous peoples of northwestern Siberia. It publishes a group of items from the excavations at Poluysky (Obdorsky) Gorodok (end of the 16th – the 17th cc.) which was the residence of the chieftains of the Obdorsk princes. The author uses archaeological and ethnographic sources to analyze the emergence and existence of the games within the cultures of the North Siberian peoples, from the late 16th to the 20th cc. The article concludes that the pieces from Poluysky Gorodok comprised a set for a game analogous to the game of tepek (tep), which is known from ethnographical data. The indigenous peoples of the North started using such games at the end of the 16th c. at the earliest, in the course of active colonization of Siberia by the principality of Muscovy.

 

 

 
 

 

     
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II Международный научный семинар 
«Полевые исследования памятников I тыс. н. э. в лесной и лесостепной зонах Восточной Европы» 23 марта 2017 г., Институт археологии РАН

 
   
 
 
 

 
 

Международная научная конференция "Археологические исследования в России: новые материалы и интерпретации" 1-2 марта 2017 г., ИА РАН, ул. Дм. Ульянова, д. 19, 4 этаж, конференц-зал

 
   
 
 
 

 
 

15-е заседание научного семинара «Археология Подмосковья». Институт археологии РАН, 20-22 февраля 2017

 
   
 
 
     

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